We invite you to think carefully about your motivations and the potential consequences of a choice that is not trivial. Indeed, adopting of a foreign animal is not a reasonable...
Mosquitoes, ticks and fleas are important vectors for human and animal diseases. Human atrocities on the ecosystem generate an increase in the number and geographical distribution of parasites. Consequently, these diseases are becoming an increasing concern.
Global warming, destruction of the rural ecosystem ( leveling of slopes, deforestation , pollution, urbanization ) cause a disruption of complex balances between animal populations, parasites and any microscopic ecosystem, a harmony also depending on the global harmony.
The geographic distribution of Rhipicephalus sanguineus, for example, increased significantly over the past forty years, and originaly confined to the South-East, it is now found in Paris and at the gates of Brittany.
Diseases transmitted by ticks therefore follow the distribution of their vectors. Borreliose, for example , increased from 0.38 to 1.8 cases per hundred thousand inhabitants in 9 years. Erlichiosis is being newly observed in Paris in dogs who do not travel. We could even see appearing borne diseases transported by unknown vectors until then…
Fleas are vectors of pathogens such as Rickettsia felis and Bartonella henselae, the transmission can be done indirectly by cat claws (“spotted fever bullet” bacillary angiomatosis, hepatic peliosis, arthropathy , etc.).
The table below provides an overview of the main infectious agents transmitted by dog ticks ( www.esccap.org )
|Piroplasmosis||Babesia canis canis||Dog||D. reticulatus|
|B. canis vogeli||Dog||R. sanguineus|
|B. gibsoni et gibsoni like||Dog||Haemophysalis sp
|Filariosis||Acanthicheilonema (Dipetalonema dracunculoides, A. grassi, A. reconditum)||Dog||R. sanguineus|
|Cercopithifilaria sp||Dog||R. sanguineus|
|Bartonelloses||Bartonella sp||Dog, Cat, human, other mammals||Ticks suspected|
|Borreliosis||Borrelia borddorferi||Many animals||I. ricinus, I. hexagonus, I. persulcatus, D. reticulatus|
|monocytic ehrlichiosis||Erlichia canis||Dog, Cat||R. sanguineus|
|granulocytic anaplasmosis||Anaplasma phagocytophillum||Dog, Cat, human, other mammals||I. ricinus|
|Cyclic thrombocytopenia infectious||Anaplasma platys||Dog||R. sanguineus|
|Mediterranean spotted fever||Rickettsia corinii||Dog||R. sanguineus|
|Coxiellosis (Q fever)||Coxiella burnetti||Dog||Ixodes sp, Dermacentor sp|
|tularemia||Francisella tularensis||Lagomorphes, chat||Ixodes sp., Dermacentor sp, Haemophilus sp, R. sanguineus|
|European tick-borne encephalitis||Flavivirus||Dog, rodent, many animals||I. ricinus, I. persulcatus|
|Borreliosis||Flavivirus||Many animals, mostly dogs and sheeps||I. ricinus|